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praadjarnpaki
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PostPosted: Thu 21 Mar - 09:14 (2013)    Post subject: Buddha 's Life and teaching Reply with quote

  
The Last Meal of Our Great Buddha





Buddha

There are a few misleading facts which the Brahmins spread, to bring discredit to Buddha’s Vision, which was the greatest threat to them. They succeeded in their endeavor since Buddhism is now scarce in a country where it was born. But, as Buddhists, it is our duty to clear the misleading facts even as late as today.
The most notable is the misinterpretation regarding our Great Buddha’s last meal. The widely spread impression is that he died of eating a pork curry, which is totally false. In Kiran Desai’s year 2006 Booker Prize winning novel, “The inheritance of Loss”, she writes that Buddha died of eating pork in greed. This is what the ordinary people think. This is what the Brahmins led people to believe. This is what made so many ignorant Buddhists convert to other religions.
The first mix up comes with the name of the person who gave the last meal ‘Chunda’ with that of the man who slaughtered pigs and sold the meat and died screaming like one during our Great Buddha’s time. Here, people tend to forget that the man was already dead before our Great Buddha attained “Parinirvana”.
The person who gave our Great Buddha his last meal was a wealthy jeweler named “Chunda Karmaaraputta” in whose leisure garden at Pawa that our Great Buddha stopped for the night, on his way to Kusinara.
Three months before his death, our Great Buddha told his disciples that he would attain “Parinirvana” on the Wesak Poya day in Kusinara. He was ailing from a stomach problem since six months before and his weak state and old age must have led to this decision. It was because of this illness that Chunda Karmaaraputta prepared a special medicinal curry under the supervision of the eminent physician at the time, Athula, which our Great Buddha partook.
This special medicinal curry was called “Sukara Maddawa” in Pali language.
The other mix up is regarding the word “Sukara”. The meaning of the single word “Sukara” is hog or pig. Therefore, Brahmins made-up the story that it was a pork curry.
Usually, as we very well know, patients with stomach problems are not given meat, specially pork because it is difficult to digest.
On the other hand, Indian high society at the time abhorred pork & beef. The three high casts, “Kshathri” (Rulers), “Brahmin” (Educators, intellectuals & farmers) and “Vaishya” (Traders) were all vegetarians.
A person like the wealthy “Chunda Karmaaraputta” undoubtedly a vegetarian would have never served a meat curry, specially pork which was considered very lowly in their society, to the ailing Buddha.
In Nepal and the nearby Ghorakpur District(Pawa and Kusinara belong to the Ghorakpur District) in India, people still have and eat a type of mushrooms called “Sukara Maddawa” (mushrooms spring up in places where pigs have muddied and added their dirt to the soil). There are also “Aja Maddawa” (mushrooms spring up in places where goats have muddied and added their dirt to the soil), “Gomaddawa” (mushrooms spring up in places where cows have muddied and added their dirt to the soil) and “Beluwa Maddawa” (mushrooms spring up on the roots of the cut bamboo trees), which are edible.
According to great pundits like the Most Venerable Achchuthananda Thero of Kusinara, the Most Venerable Buddhamitta Thero, the Most Venerable Amruthananda Thero of Kathmandu, the Most Venerable Lumbini Maithree Thero and others, “Sukara Maddawa” is a soft and easily digested food given to patients with stomach problems in Nepal made out of those mushrooms. They use it at present day too.
There is also a type of mushrooms like small yams which have a high medicinal value, specially for stomach problems called “Sukar bun” which are dug by hogs. In Western countries they call these ‘Hog Mushrooms’.
This type of mushrooms are very rare and very expensive. They are used to prevent High Blood Pressure, diabetic, cancer and weak eye sight.
All these evidence lead to the fact that Buddha ate a medicinal mushroom curry, not a pork curry.


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praadjarnpaki
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PostPosted: Thu 21 Mar - 09:19 (2013)    Post subject: Buddha 's Life and teaching Reply with quote





Paramita / Parami (Perfections)


Load Buddha’s face

The wholesome meritorious deeds done, wishing to attain Buddha hood, Pase Buddha hood or Arahanthship; or, to attain enlightenment (the end of suffering; Nirvana) are called “Paramitha”, “Parami” or “Perfections”.
Most of the people in the world do meritorious deeds wishing just for comforts and fortunes in the human world and heavens, in their next births. They have not realized that behind those comforts and fortunes lies the shadow of suffering & sadness. Those deeds, though they are meritorious, are associated with desire and do not belong to “Paramithas” since they lengthen the ‘life-death circle’ (Samsara) and do not end the suffering and conduct one towards the enlightenment.
Some do meritorious deeds craving for fame, prestige and glory. Those deeds too are related to desire and do not even give proper worldly fortunes and comforts, let alone the enlightenment.
Some do meritorious deeds just to show others that they are above them. They give much greater alms than the others; they observe the Dhamma in excess; they build temples bigger and finer than the others; they do greater meritorious acts and show that their virtue surpass all the others’. Those deeds are associated with conceit and do not belong to “Paramithas”. Those deeds too lack the power to give proper worldly fortunes and comforts, let alone the enlightenment.
Some, disregarding the Four Noble Truths and the seven stages of purification which lead towards liberation and the Enlightenment, wrongly believe that they can attain the Enlightenment by just giving alms or protecting their virtues. Those meritorious deeds are connected with wrong vision; thus, they do not belong to “Paramithas”.
Some do meritorious deeds wishing worldly and heavenly fortunes as well as the Enlightenment. Since they have wished for the Enlightenment too, those deeds belong to “Paramithas”. But, in view of the fact that the wish is contaminated with desire for worldly fortunes, one cannot attain the Enlightenment quickly, as expected from those deeds. Desire weakens the power to give up worldly fortunes which is essential to attain the Enlightenment.
A wish is fruitful only when the power of the meritorious deed done is adequate enough to give the result.
Gauthama Buddha, even after fulfilling the ten “Paramithas” in his many existences for innumerable period of time before being born ‘Siddhartha Gauthama’, had to suffer to the highest degree for six years before attaining the Enlightenment.

The Ten Perfections  (“Dasa Paramitha”)
1. Dana Paramitha – Giving things that belongs to oneself considering the actions and results; as a offering to the virtuous who has higher qualities than oneself, and as a help to the needy with lower qualities than oneself or to a person with similar qualities to oneself with loving kindness and compassion. When the wish from these meritorious deeds is the Enlightenment, it becomes a “Paramitha”.
2. Sila Paramitha – Virtuous and proper conduct observed by oneself wishing for Buddha hood, Pase Buddha hood, Arahanthship or the Enlightenment without contaminating it with desire, conceit and wrong vision.
3. Nekkhamma (Nayishkramya) Paramitha – Renunciation of desire, passion and worldly existence realizing the evil effects they have on oneself.
4. Panna Paramitha – Learning Buddhist doctrine and other relevant arts & technology; associating, discussing and conferring with scholars; meditating to gain insight and develop it; teaching Dhamma for the benefit of the world and the Buddhist order; preaching Dhamma; Writing books on Dhamma and helping the suffering with the supermundane wisdom gained; lead to the Enlightenment.
5. Virya Paramitha – Effort one makes with insight in giving alms, observing virtue (at least the basic five precepts), meditation and lending a hand to others, wishing either Buddhahood, Pase Buddhahood or Arahanthship.
6. Kshanthi Paramitha – Having tolerance and patience as a resource to attain Buddhahood, Pase Buddhahood or Arahanthship.
7. Sathya Paramitha – Truthfulness and honesty are great virtues which lead to the Enlightenment.
8. Adishtana Paramitha – When fulfilling Paramithas to attain the enlightenment, one should have a strong resolution and a determination to complete what he had started. Though determination is not a meritorious deed, one has to have the power of determination to attain the Enlightenment. Thus, it becomes a paramitha.
9. Metta Paramitha – Having loving kindness to all beings irrespective of their relationship to one’s self, wishing for the Enlightenment. Helping others physically, speaking kind and helpful words beneficial to others, wishing all beings health, wealth and happiness belong to this category.
10.Upekkha Paramitha – The indifference shown to all beings and matter, thoughts and conditions, maintaining a neutral attitude wishing for the Enlightenment.


 


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PostPosted: Thu 21 Mar - 09:22 (2013)    Post subject: Buddha 's Life and teaching Reply with quote




12 Results of bad deeds.


One day, Buddha disclosed to his bhikkus the 12 results of bad deeds he had done in his previous births for which he had to suffer in this birth. According to ‘Pubba Kamma Pilothika apadaana’ they are as follows:

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1. The accusations the Buddha got for frequenting the female ascetic Sundaree’s temple. ( In a previous birth, Buddha had accused the Pase Buddha named Sarangu.)
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2. The scandal because of Chinchimaanawika who impersonated herself as a pregnant woman(This is due to calling the disciple Nanada of the Buddha Sabbahingu, an epicure, in one of Buddha’s births.)
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3. The accusation, that Buddha raped and killed the female ascetic Sundaree and buried her body near a flower altar was widely talked about for seven days. After seven days, the truth came out. (This happened because of scolding Saint Bheema in one of his previous births.)
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4. Bikkhu Devdath pushed a huge rock on the Buddha. (This is because in a previous birth, Buddha killed his own brother with greed for wealth by pushing him down a mountain and plunging a huge rock after him.)
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5. Bikkhu Devdath tried to kill Buddha by hiring archers.( This is because in a previous birth, as a child, Buddha had thrown a stone at a Pase Buddha.)
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6. Intoxicated elephant named Nalagiri was sent to kill Buddha. (This is because in a previous birth, Buddha as a mahout, led his elephant towards a Pase Buddha who was walking nearby with the intention of killing him.)
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7. Bhikku Devdath, pushed a huge rock from the immense ‘Gijjakuta’ on Buddha,who was walking at the foot of it. Because of Buddha’s power, another big rock sprang up and stopped it. But, in the process, a small piece of rock hit Buddha’s toe and injured it. The Doctor had to split the toe and remove the bad blood. (This is because in a previous birth, Buddha had ordered a man to be killed, as king Pruthuvishwara.)
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8. Buddha suffered from a constant headache.( This is because in a previous birth, Buddha born into the fishing clan, laughed happily when he saw the large amount of fish his kin had captured.)
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9. Buddha, who had disciples, followers and contributors in all three worlds had to survive on  barley since he didn’t get a grain of rice during his 12th ‘Vas’ season.( This is because in a previous birth, Buddha had accused Buddha named ‘Pussa’ for eating tasteful rice asking him to eat barley instead.)
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10. Buddha suffered from a constant spinal problem.(This is because in a previous birth, as a wrestling giant, Buddha had broken the spine of his opponent.)
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11. Buddha suffered from acute diarrhea.( This is because in a previous birth, as a doctor, Buddha had cured a noble; when he didn’t get his fee, Buddha had given the noble an aperient which caused the noble to purge blood. The noble got scared and paid him; in return, Buddha cured him again.
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12.Prince Siddhartha had to suffer immensely for six years before attaining Nirvana.( This is because in a previous birth, As the layman Jothipala, had talked against Kashyapa Buddha with a Brahmin named Ghatikara.)


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